UNION OF ORTHODOX JEWISH CONGREGATIONS OF AMERICA (UOJCA), commonly referred to as the OU, largest organization of Orthodox synagogues in the U.S. Founded in 1898, the UOJCA was originally oriented toward the few English-speaking, rather than Yiddish-speaking, congregations. The call for establishing the organization was sent from the address of the Jewish Theological Seminary, and a few early UOJCA leaders, such as Henry pereira mendes , were also identified with that institution. The UOJCA remained a small group until about 1950, and its status rested more on the reputation of its presidents, men such as Rabbi herbert s. goldstein , than on the activities or the number of its affiliates. Since then it has experienced tremendous growth and in 2005 claimed nearly 1,000 affiliated synagogues. The UOJCA is best known for its kashrut supervision; founded in 1923, today it is a multinational operation that certifies 400,000 industrial and consumer products manufactured in 73 countries. The kashrut division employs 300 full-time supervisors and produces its own rabbinic journal about kashrut called Mesorah, as well as a quarterly called Behind the Union Symbol. Under the leadership of Rabbi Menachem Genack, the kashrut division also seeks to educate the Jewish community about various aspects of kashrut. Aside from programming geared towards its constituent synagogues, the UOJCA seeks to promote its perspective and values through its Institute for Public affairs in Washington, headed by the UOJCA director for public policy, Nathan J. Diament. The National Council of Synagogue Youth (NCSY), a division of the UOJCA, has a cadre of 850 volunteers and reaches unaffiliated youth who do not attend Jewish day schools. Yachad, the National Council for Jewish Disabilities, also a division of the UOJCA provides mainstream programming for children and adults with developmental disabilities. In addition to their offices in New York and Los Angeles, which employ over 200 people, the UOJCA also maintains an office in Jerusalem, which aims to bring secular Israelis closer to Orthodox Jewish observance through adult education programs and summer camps across 25 Israeli cities and towns. The UOJCA also services Orthodox college students through their Jewish Learning Initiative on Campus, which deploys rabbinic couples to serve as Torah leaders and mentors on college campuses. Additionally, the UOJCA sponsors the Sha'alavim High School in Kharakov, Ukraine, and produces a quarterly magazine called Jewish Action. In 2005 the executive vice president of the UOJCA was Rabbi Dr. Tzvi Hersh Weinreb and its president was Stephen J. Savitsky. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Jeffrey S. Gurock American Jewish Orthodoxy in Historical Perspective (1996); C.S. Liebman, in: AJYB, 66 (1965), 21–97; E. Markovitz, in: AJHSQ, 55 (1966), 364–84. (Asher Oser (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Orthodox Jewish Congregations of America, Union of — ▪ North American religious federation       official federation of Jewish Orthodox synagogues in the United States and Canada; its counterpart organization for rabbis is the Rabbinical Council of America.       The union was established in New… …   Universalium

  • Orthodox Union — OU logo. Not to be confused with Union of Orthodox Rabbis, a distinct Haredi rabbinical group. The Union of Orthodox Jewish Congregations of America (UOJCA), more popularly known as the Orthodox Union (OU), is one of the oldest Orthodox Jewish… …   Wikipedia

  • Orthodox Judaism — Rabbi Moshe Feinstein, a leading Rabbinical authority for Orthodox Jewry for a quarter of the twentieth century …   Wikipedia

  • Union of Orthodox Rabbis — The Agudas HaRabonim should not be confused with the Agudath Israel of America ( Agudas Yisroel ) organization , or with the Union of Orthodox Congregations.The Union of Orthodox Rabbis of the United States and Canada also known as the Agudath… …   Wikipedia

  • Jewish Council for Public Affairs — JCPA logo The Jewish Council for Public Affairs (JCPA) is an American Jewish non profit organization that deals with community relations. It is a coordinating round table organization of 14 other national Jewish organizations (the National Member …   Wikipedia

  • Orthodox Judaism — Judaism as observed by Orthodox Jews. * * * Religion of Jews who adhere strictly to traditional beliefs and practices; the official form of Judaism in Israel. Orthodox Jews hold that both the written law (Torah) and the oral law (codified in the… …   Universalium

  • Union of Jewish congregations of Latin America and the Caribbean — The Union of Jewish congregations of Latin America and the Caribbean is a group of 12 small non Orthodox Jewish communities in Latin America and the Caribbean, established in 1997. The group met in San José, Costa Rica in 2007 to establish an… …   Wikipedia

  • UNITED STATES OF AMERICA — UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, country in N. America. This article is arranged according to the following outline: introduction Colonial Era, 1654–1776 Early National Period, 1776–1820 German Jewish Period, 1820–1880 East European Jewish Period,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Modern Orthodox Judaism — Rabbi Mosheh Lichtenstein, a Modern Orthodox rabbi who serves as a Rosh Yeshiva in Har Etzion Part of a series on …   Wikipedia

  • Rabbinical Council of America — The Rabbinical Council of America (RCA) is one of the world s largest organizations of Orthodox Jewish rabbis; it is affiliated with The Union of Orthodox Jewish Congregations of America, more commonly known as the Orthodox Union, or OU. Most… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”